Julio Le Parc
The first major UK exhibition by Argentinian artist Julio Le Parc saw the Serpentine Sackler transformed with immersive light installations and the artist’s signature interactive games.
Le Parc (1928, lives in France) is known for creating artworks that dynamically animate and transform space through light. Featuring seminal installations and interactive works from the early 1960s to the present day, Le Parc’s playful and mesmerising exhibition transformed the Gallery and actively involved visitors. Le Parc began to make geometrical abstract paintings in 1959 based on pre-determined systems, first in black and white, then in colour. In the early 1960s, he began working in three dimensions, incorporating moving, projected and reflected lights. From 1964 onwards he began producing works based on distorting mirrors and the displacement of the spectator by means of labyrinths and play rooms.
He is known for using projected, moving and reflected light to create works of art in constant flux. At the heart of his practice is a desire to experiment with our engagement and perception of art, thereby altering our perspective on the roles of the artist, spectator and the institution. Through his experimentation with light, Le Parc creates a situation of visual instability, in the work and in the viewer’s experience.
He was a founding member of the activist Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV), which is an acronym and a play on the French word for ‘serious’. The group confronted the establishment through organised, shared experiences and by releasing manifestos that raised awareness on the role of art within society. While defending the rights of visual artists, Le Parc was briefly expelled from Paris following the social unrest of 1968. A series of previously unseen political drawings, alongside unseen sketches of portraits and geometric shapes, forms part of this exhibition. These drawings are presented within the artist’s book that accompanies the show alongside a fictional interview, imagined by film-maker and novelist Edgardo Cozarinsky, between Le Parc and the late Italian artist Lucio Fontana, who was his teacher from 1943 to 1946 at the Beaux-Arts in Paris.
The exhibition at the Serpentine Sackler Gallery highlighted the different dimensions in Le Parc’s works, from his politicised drawings and interactive works to his iconic light installations. Experimentation with light, as well as the physical involvement and visual stimulation of the spectator, has been crucial throughout Le Parc’s career. At the Serpentine Sackler Gallery, the visitor’s participation was both passive and active, with the exhibition design reminiscent of an amusement arcade and its numerous booths. While Le Parc’s light installations offer an immersive experience, his interactive ‘game’ works become a place for activity. Born out of his political activism, the ‘games’ include unstable, moving floors, as well as punch bags and cut-out target silhouettes upon which are depicted familiar political archetypes, such as a dictator, a politician, a pacifist, a policeman and a museum director. The Limited Edition produced on the occasion of his exhibition is a silkscreen print of the target image from the interactive installation Choisissez vos Ennemis (1970) from his Jeux Enquête series, which was included in the show.
Le Parc held his first solo exhibition at the Howard Wise Gallery, New York (1966), with more recent solo exhibitions at the Daros Foundation, Buenos Aires, (2014) and the Palais de Tokyo in Paris (2013) that were widely positively received to critical and positive acclaim, the latter having broken visitor number records. His work has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions in major museums in Havana, Düsseldorf, Montevideo, Caracas, Asunción, Mexico City, Stockholm, Berlin, Madrid, Barcelona, Santiago de Chile and Porto Alegre.
This exhibition was part of the Serpentine Winter Programme, which included an exhibition by German artist Reiner Ruthenbeck that ran concurrently at the Serpentine Gallery.