Legal Lab

Online September 2019 - ongoing Download Legal Lab Report

As part of Serpentine’s R&D Platform, the Legal Lab explores how the law can better support collaborations across art, science and technology. Led by lawyer, curator and founder of Guest Work Agency, Alana Kushnir, the Legal Lab is a space for investigating legal issues and prototyping accessible legal solutions for the art field.


On 26 July 2021, the Legal Lab launches a report on legal issues arising in art + tech/science collaborations. The launch event will be streamed via Serpentine’s Twitch on 7 September 2021 at 12pm BST. For further information, please visit the release page, or sign up here.

Legal Lab Report on Art + Tech/Science Collaborations

In collaborations across art and technology, and art and science, there are numerous frictions or ‘pain points’ caused by legal issues that collaborators may face. In the past, these have been difficult to outline and learn from because the majority of resulting disputes are addressed privately and do not have their ‘day in court, so to speak.

To address these concerns the Legal Lab has conducted research over the past two years, mapping the various legal issues that arise in art + tech/science collaborations from the perspectives of different types of users: artists, technologists, scientists, curators, lawyers, legal academics, arts organisations, galleries, and tech companies. The report analyses the trends and distills a series of action points.

Lab Overview

Legal structures and tools, such as contracts, are crucial to structuring innovative enterprises and effective operational models. However, in the sphere of art, there is a tendency to shy away from legally onerous forms of arrangement. This has resulted in legal infrastructures being under-acknowledged for their multifaceted potential in supporting cutting-edge creative practice. These concerns are present in the internal organisation of the art field and the expanding realm of cross-disciplinary relationships between art actors and external fields.


  • Alana Kushnir — Guest Work Agency
  • Victoria Ivanova — R&D Platform, Serpentine
  • Adelaide Dunn, David Jenal — Associate Researchers
  • Katy Beale, Estela Oliva — Strategic Communications and Design
  • Marie Potel-Saville — Amurabi

The work of the Legal Lab is guided by a cross-disciplinary Advisory Panel:

  • Astrid Kohlmeier, a lawyer and designer for legal design and legal tech
  • Connal Parsley, Senior Lecturer in Law at Kent Law School, UK
  • Daniel McClean, art lawyer and partner at Cypress LLP
  • Ivaylo Getov, Technical Director for Fine Art projects, Co-founder and Creative Director at Luxloop
  • James Wreford, Member of Black Shuck Cooperative
  • Kathleen E. Kim, art lawyer at Liwu Law Group South Korea
  • Lauren van Haaften-Schick, curator, writer and PhD Candidate in the History of Art and Visual Studies at Cornell University
  • Marie Potel-Saville, founder of Amurabi, a legal innovation by design agency
  • Rita Arrigo, Chief Digital Advisor at Microsoft, AI Ambassador
  • Sara Rayment, founder of Inkling Legal Design, a consultancy that reimagines legal services through design, law and emerging technology and Conjoint Associate Professor at the University of Newcastle
  • Sophie Netchaef, curator and former Strategic Projects Manager, Serpentine Galleries
  • Yayoi Shionoiri, art lawyer and Executive Director to the Estate of Chris Burden and the Studio of Nancy Rubins based in New York
  • Safiya Ahmed, IP and technology lawyer at Russells UK
  • Roxanne Peters, Creative and Cultural IP Rights Specialist, University of the Arts London

NFTs and the Law

Organised in collaboration with Rhizome, in June 2021, Serpentine Legal Lab convened an event that brought together leading art lawyers to discuss the legal implications of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) for collectors and artistic collaborators.

Please download Alana Kushnir’s research paper on the topic.

Summit 2019

On 1 October 2019, the Legal Lab held a summit with the participation of artists, curators, scholars, lawyers, legal designers and technologists. The summit consisted of presentations and think-tank discussions, which analysed and tested ideas for development. For more information, please see the report.

Presentations by Legal Lab representatives Alana Kushnir and Ben Vickers illustrated the objectives of the Serpentine’s R&D initiatives and the particular hypotheses, objectives and methodologies of the Legal Lab. In her presentation on the Legal Design movement, Marie Potel-Saville, Founder & CEO of Amurabi, an Innovation by Design Agency, advanced the potential for legal design thinking — the application of human-centered design to the world of law — to be integrated into the Legal Lab’s methodology. Two think-tank discussions built on the aims outlined in these presentations, allowing participants to share knowledge, experience and anecdotes in distilling the fundamental legal issues of art and technology collaborations and prototyping potential solutions.


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